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I quote from Wikipedia and you can find more information there:
A graphic novel is a book made up of comics content. Although the word “novel” normally refers to long fictional works, the term “graphic novel” is applied broadly and includes fiction, non-fiction, and anthologized work. It is distinguished from the term “comic book“, which is generally used for comics periodicals.
Before any body raise their eyebrows, I should say that I completely disagree with the perception that the term tries to create a separate genre on the grounds that its similarity with comic books is something to be ashamed of.
One thing that amazes me is that the sterile discussion you see at the end of the Wikipedia entry on the subject does not mention the most important aspect to be noticed: Graphic Novels are a bridge between the Printed Culture and the Oral Culture. We are on the verge of going back to the days before Gutenberg’s invention with the advent of Internet. It is a discussion that would take a lot of space and time to cover, but you can have a glimpse taking a look at the following articles: The Twitter Trap and its commentary stressing the Oral culture.
Take a look also on What_is_Visual_Culture
Graphic Novels are just about perfect to Internet, which is the technological advance which is bringing us back to the Middle Ages way of interacting with each other, believe it or not
You can see it here, taking a look on a selection of Dante’s works and Graphic Novels:
Gustave Dore today in the 21rst Century
“The 72 paintings that make up the art collection of “Dante’s Inferno” by Dino Di Durante are not only the depiction of a great literary masterpiece, but also an invitation to experience them. He gives life to a series of images, that does not just tell the remarkable Dante’s journey, but also invites you to relive, with restlessness and amazement, all his emotions almost to the last detail.”
Gianmario Pagano, Priest, screenwriter and Divine Comedy play writer – Italy
Based on the EA video game of the same name, this classic epic poem is brought to life as never before, courtesy of writer Christos Gage (WILDCATS, X-Men/Spider-Man) and hot new artist Diego Latorre. Dante Alighieri is re-imagined as a holy warrior who has returned from the Crusades to find his beloved fiancée Beatrice murdered. When her soul is ensnared by Lucifer, only Dante has the strength and courage to break open the gates of Hell and save her. But at what cost to his own immortal soul? And is Dante himself pure enough for this impossible task? Find out in this sizzling new series!
Marcus Knight-Pedrosa Purgatory
Populist preacher Hiprah “Hell-fire” Hunt is obsessed with proving the existence of Hell, and Dante’s Inferno is his constant companion. When the evangelist mysteriously disappears for six weeks, it’s hardly surprising to hear that he’s been to Hell and back. This comic graphic novel depicts his odyssey among the damned, where corrupt politicians, bores, frauds, and other sinners receive their just punishments.
American cartoonist and writer Arthur Henry “Art” Young (1866–1943) is best known for his socialist cartoons, particularly those drawn from 1911–17 for the left-wing political magazine The Masses. Young’s lifelong enthusiasm for the works of Gustav Doré — particularly the French artist’s interpretation of Dante’s Inferno — inspired this humorous 1901 publication. Anyone with an interest in political cartoons, early cartoons, and socialist cartoons will be fascinated by this marvel of invention and craftsmanship and its unique reinterpretation of one of literature’s great classics.
Hunt Emerson, the dazzlingly talented cartoonist, tackles the biggest literary name of them all: Dante. Emerson’s Inferno delights on many levels: as an ingenious translation of classic verse; an effortlessly readable introduction to a complex poem; a delicious crib for anxious Dante students; and as a warm tribute from the master of one art form to the grand master of another. Hunt’s cartoon is followed by Kevin Jackson’s essay on Dante. Wildly clever and witty, but essentially reverent, it is a wonderful treat for anyone who already loves Dante.
Sin Eternal is more than just a re-tooling of the immortal classic, Dante’s Inferno. It plants itself firmly in the modern world and away from the political crimes that dominated Dante’s work. It brings a very basic questioning of the man’s faith as he witnesses some of the most horrendous punishments that could be exacted. The story covers the travels of the man who is sent to hell to examine the various torments and punishments that the sinners of Earth are forced to face each moment of eternity. From the slovenly gluttons to the fates of the suicides, from the heretics to the thieves, a variety of different levels are covered. From the ferry of Charon, the man is taken into the very depths of evil. He must escape the giant creature, Minos to the swallowing jaws of Cerebus. From the Dance of the Harlots who abused love to the gluttons who are encased in solid gold. Witnessing the Heretics, imprisoned in furnace like cells to the Industrialists, those who are taken over by the very machines they created. Those who kill in the name of God are forced into an un-ending battle of mutilation which leads to the River of Blood with the souls of Idi Amin, Hitler, and Stalin washing the crimson onto the shores. The Maze of Eternity blends into a surreal world of mystic images and fallen idols until he finally reaches the very source of evil itself, the Devil. But its not the traditional view, because after all, Lucifer was considered the Morning Star…the beautful angel. All is not as it might first appear.
Imagine if you will, a satirical retelling of Dante Aligheri’s Inferno starring Mickey Mouse. This is the very first of the world-famouse, er, famous Great Parodies featuring classic Disney stars in outrageous spoofs of the world’s greatest stories.
Let’s browse it!